Earth Science: Eruption of Geyser Demonstration
In this demonstration, students will get a better understanding of what a geyser is and what makes it function the way it does. I was worried about trying this at the high school earth science level because it is a bit elementary, but the science is sound, and it works. Materials needed are:
- hot plate
- glass tubing
- two single holed stoppers
- half a soda bottle
- colored water
Build the geyser like the image above shows. Once you turn on the hot plate it takes about 10 minutes before the geyser is hot enough to begin some action. What I did was demonstrate to my class how the geyser is built and then showed them actual images if Old Faithful and other geysers around the world to buy some time while we wait for the geyser to erupt. I likened the hot plate as a magma chamber, the flask as an impermeable rock layer that traps the water from above, the glass tube as the "tunnels" that the water travels through, the plastic bottle as a hot spring that puts pressure on the water below so that it can get hot enough to flash to steam.
Some of my students responded, "that's it?" when it erupted, but the science is sound. I did have many students though that though "cool." The most important part was that when asked how a geyser works on the assessment, I didn't get very many that could not explain it. This should be a good demonstration as to how geysers basically work.
Below is a recording of the geyser eruption. One thing that we also discussed was how quickly the water disappears from the flask below, once it begins to flash to steam. A question that naturally should be discussed is, where did the flask get its air from, when everybody could see that before the eruption it is completely filled with water and after the eruption, there is almost no water left. Another science concept that we discuss was why the water went from the top bottle back down to the flask so quickly after the "magma chamber" was turned off.